The Board of Education in the ML/C functions as both the State Board of Education and the State Department of Education and is headed by the Youth State Superintendent of Public Instruction. Each year the Board focuses on a current issue in education in California, analyzing what potential improvements could be made, and why those changes should be effected. Board members are divided into taskforces that work on an aspect of the major topic. These groups research their position on the topic, hear speakers and write a proposal advocating their solution to the problem.
The program culminates in a public hearing with the Department members advocating their proposals before the Board of Education. Within a fixed budget universe, the Board is asked to rank and fund the proposal presented by the Department. The final results are announced at the closing Joint Session of the MLC.